All you need to know about what players need to do to stay onside

What is offside in rugby union?

Offside seems to be another one of rugby’s labyrinthine laws but it is basically pretty simple.  You have to be onside to play rugby.

Some people manage to play it when they are not. Famous players – no names no pack drill but a double Rugby World Cup-winning captain is amongst them – manage to get themselves a reputation for playing most of the game offside. Some think this is just clever play, knowing what they can get away with. Opposition fans will just call them cheats.

In a nutshell, a player cannot get any advantage by being in front of the ball or in front of some of the imaginary offside lines on the pitch. A penalty is awarded against the transgessors.

At a scrum, maul or ruck, players not involved in the scrap for the ball have to be behind the back, or hindmost, foot of the last player. So, no going in at the side in a maul – how often have we seen that go unpunished? You know who you are.

Also when a scrum is ongoing the scrum-half must be behind the ball and if you are offside, you had better get back onside pronto before you even think about getting involved in play again.

If the ball is kicked from hand or from the kick-off, players have to be behind the kicker if they want to get involved in the chase or wait until the kicker has passed them.

The kick-off one is almost universally ignored by referees who let teams start their chase from in front of the kicker. All the hullabaloo over the Ken Owens‘s accidental offside in the final Lions Test against the All Blacks in 2017 would have been avoided if Kieran Read had been pinged for being in front at the restart.

At a lineout, the scrum-half and the thrower are allowed within five metres of the set-up with the defending hooker two metres from the line. The rest are banished back 10m and can only move for a long throw-in over the top or when the lineout ends and the mauling begins.

But straying offside can be costly. Clive Woodward still winces at the mere mention of 1981 and Cardiff. England were leading Wales 19-18, and in those days English wins at the Arms Park were as rare as a referee penalising a crooked feed at a scrum, they had not won there for 18 years.

Of course the Welsh scrum-half Brynmor Williams dummied to pass, outlawed now, and Woodward rushed out of the defensive line to concede the match-winning penalty, check it out below. Steve Fenwick kicked the goal and England captain Bill Beaumont’s words to his centre are unprintable.

That offside was hardly accidental, it was ludicrous. But accidental offside does occur when a player cannot avoid being touched by the ball or a team-mate who has got it in their mitts. If that player’s team get an advantage from that then it is a scrum, thank you Sam Warburton, or if there is no advantage the teams just get on with it.

The way the Lions captain dealt with referee Romain Poite about the Owens incident should be drummed into every aspiring skipper. And Read should have been penalised anyway for calling the laws of rugby rules. Rules are for golf.

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